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InColumbus brought the Eastern and Western Hemispheres back together. They could have traveled by foot across a land bridge, by small boats along the bridge coastline, or by both methods. About 10, years ago, the sea level rose, submerging the land connection between the two hemispheres.
The two hemispheres took separate biological and cultural paths. Columbus explored several nearby islands, including a large one the Spanish called Hispaniola, shared today by Haiti and the Dominican Republic. On Hispaniola, Columbus found the Taino, a people who grew crops he had never seen before, such as sweet potatoes, manioc, peanuts, and tobacco.
The Spanish and Taino traded and enjoyed friendly relations. Columbus noted the Taino possessed small objects made of gold, which they mined on the island. Columbus established a settlement on Hispaniola, Villa de la Navidad, the first European outpost in America.
He left about 40 of his men there and headed back to Spain with astounding news. Aboard ship, Columbus wrote a report of his discoveries: Columbus declared at the end of his report that in the future he could bring the king and queen gold, spices, cotton, and slaves.
On his second voyage inColumbus returned to America with 17 ships and 1, men, including several Catholic priests to convert the Taino to Christianity.
Columbus discovered the Taino had killed all the men he had left at Navidad. He used this news as justification to take Taino slaves. Of even greater long-term significance were the plants and animals that Columbus carried in the holds of his ships.
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He brought seeds and cuttings for Old World vegetables, wheat, grapevines, sugarcane, and fruit trees. In addition, he transported live pigs, cattle, chickens, sheep, goats, and horses, none of which lived in the New World. Horses had actually originated in America, spread to the Eastern Hemisphere over the land bridge, and then became extinct in their homeland.
Thus, inColumbus began a process of swapping Old and New World plants and animals along with stowaway pests, weeds, and germs. As a result, both the Old and New Worlds were changed.
Texas historian Alfred W. Estimates of the population of the Western Hemisphere before Columbus generally range between 30 and million people. Recent studies lean to the high end of this range. Possibly more people lived in the New World in than in Europe.
Early reports indicate that Hispaniola alone held a million Taino Indians. How did the Spanish and other Europeans so easily conquer America when huge numbers of potentially hostile people outnumbered them?
Although they were superior farmers, the peoples of the New World lagged far behind the Spanish in technology. Some knew about the wheel, but since they had no horses, donkeys, mules, or oxen, they never developed wheeled vehicles. They made no steel tools or weapons.Visit the College Board on the Web: timberdesignmag.com Question 3 — Long Essay Question (continued) • Explaining how the population transfers following the European exploration and settlement of the Americas led to the technological, agricultural, and biological transfers of the Columbian Exchange • Explaining the differential impacts.
Essay on The Columbian Exchange - The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of plants, animals, food, and diseases between Europe and the Americas.
In , when Christopher Columbus came to America, he saw plants and animals he had never seen before so he took them back with him to Europe.
The Impacts of the Columbian Exchange Essay example Words 6 Pages The Columbian Exchange has been called the “greatest human intervention in nature since the invention of agriculture” (Grennes ).
Key Concept Contact among Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans resulted in the Columbian Exchange and significant social, cultural, and political changes on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
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The Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of diseases, ideas, food crops, and populations between the New World and the Old World following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in