River blindness effects both the eyes and skin, and is caused by infection of the parasitic worm known as the Onchocerca Volculus. After infection, it may take over a year for the larvae to mature into adult worms, in which female larvae will start producing larger amounts of Microfilariae. The Microfilariae spread throughout the body, and when they die, they cause an autoimmune response that causes skin lesions, swelling, severe itching and burning, and gradual blindness. Treatment For River Blindness Treatment for such a debilitating disease such as River Blindness is thankfully rather effective.
Introduction and Situational Analysis The ethical dilemma in Merck and River Blindness is whether to pursue research that may or may result in profit, or to choose the safe option and go for profit rather than researching the drug.
The drug could possibly lead to curing the deadly and detrimental disease known as River Blindness. The drug would kill the parasites that cause the disease. The qualm to this is that, the consumers of the drug could not pay for the medication.
This would result in no profit. It is not for the profits. The profits follow, and if we have remembered that, they have never failed to appear.
The better we have remembered that, the larger they have been. This is the core of their value system. Going off this core value, Merck and Co. Aspects that had led to the quandary are the lack of profit and the pressure of the ethical qualm of creating a helpful drug.
It is transmitted through the bites of infected blackflies of Simulium species, which carry immature larval forms of the parasite from human to human. In the human body, the larvae form nodules in the subcutaneous tissue, where they mature to adult worms. After mating, the female adult worm can release up to microfilariae a day.
Onchocerciasis is commonly referred to as River Blindness. Stakeholder Analysis The key stakeholders are the investors, the scientists, Brand and river blindness consumers, and the company in general. The investors are impacted by this quandary in how the company might not recuperate the money invested and the investors might never see a profit.
The company has a responsibility to ensure that the company stays profitable and that the investors see a return on their investors.
The scientists are involved by the fact that they are the employees researching the drug and are therefore most involved in this. The company also has an obligation to the scientists to provide the resources needed to continue their research. The consumers are affected by this situation in that, if the drug is researched, then they can be cured from, or even avoid getting, the disease.
The company is impacted in a way similar to the investors. The company might not ever recover the investment due to not making a profit. Analysis Based on Ethical Theories The ethical dilemma involved in the Merck and River Blindness case, in the view of society, investing would be the acceptable option.
The culture of today would deem not investing as unethical and morally wrong even though both choices are technically ethical. It is legal in either decision, to invest or not to invest in the research.
There is no given law saying that Merck and Co. If the company invests, their public image would improve in leaps and bounds for making such a selfless decision. However, they might never recover from this action. While continuing research would be steps in helping the world get rid of a terrible disease, it would cause the company many monetary problems from which they could possibly never bounce back from.
Going off of their core value system and their philosophical statement, made by George W. Merck ininvesting without concern for profit, would be following in their values. Their company made a statement that profit would not be their main goal. Not investing would show that they do not place any moral obligations with their own values.
This would portray the company as only out for profit rather than a company that cares first and foremost for their consumers. By investing in the River Blindness clinical research, they would not be able to show a return of profit for their investors. The morally right decision would be to invest in the research, ignoring the possibility of lost profits.
The scientists would receive the resources needed to continue the research which they are already morally invested in. By not providing the money and resources needed, the scientists would be required to drop the progress that they had already made concerning drug research on Ivermectin Mectizana possibly successful cure for River Blindness.
The consumers would benefit by having a cure made available to them on the market for this disease. The problem was the disease was predominantly in the poorest parts of the world, Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East, therefore, those that needed this medicine the most, could not afford to pay for it.
The drug was already found to effectively kill a parasite found in horses that is similar to the parasite that causes River Blindness in humans. The best moral choice in this situation would be to continue with the research of the drug Ivermectin and to make it readily available and safe to those who need the drug regardless of financial capability.Merck and River Blindness Onchocerciasis, known as river blindness, is caused by parasitic worms that live in the small black flies that breed in and about fast-moving rivers in developing countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America.
River blindness (onchocerciasis) is a parasitic disease, a worm affecting millions of people, mostly in Africa. Until the late s, there was no magic bullet against the worm, Onchocerca volvulus. Until the late s, there was no magic bullet against the worm, Onchocerca volvulus.
Merck and River Blindness Essay Merck and River Blindness (Onchocerciasis) In understanding the decision Merck made to donate medicines, we need to start by understanding the motivations and core values behind the company that undertook the actions. Onchocerciasis is a filarial nematode infection with Onchocerca timberdesignmag.comms are subcutaneous nodules, pruritus, dermatitis, adenopathy, lymphatic obstruction, and eye lesions that may lead to blindness.
Merck and River Blindness Essay. Section 1: Introduction and Situational Analysis Onchocerciasis, known as river blindness, is caused by parasitic worms that live in the small black flies that breed in and about fast-moving rivers in developing countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America - Merck and River Blindness Essay introduction.
Merck and River Blindness. Section 1: Introduction and Situational Analysis Onchocerciasis, known as river blindness, is caused by parasitic worms that live in the small black flies that breed in and about fast-moving rivers in developing countries in the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America - Merck and River Blindness introduction.