Vedanta Vedanta is the inquiry into and systematisation of the Vedas and Upanishads, to harmonise the various and contrasting ideas that can be found in those texts. Within Vedanta, different schools exist: It believes that God is eternally different from souls and matter in both form and essence. Achintya Bheda Abhedaa school of Vedanta representing the philosophy of inconceivable one-ness and difference.
Theism sharply contrasts with pantheism, which identifies God with all that there is, and with various forms of monism, which regards all finite things as parts, modes, limitations, or appearances of some one ultimate Being, which is all that there is. Some… Nature and significance Pantheism and panentheism can be explored by means of a three-way comparison with traditional or classical theism viewed from eight different standpoints—i.
Immanence or transcendence The poetic sense of the divine within and around human beings, which is Eastern pantheistic monism expressed in religious life, is frequently treated in literature. Expressions of the divine as intimate rather than as alien, as indwelling and near dwelling rather than remote, characterize pantheism and panentheism as contrasted with classical theism.
Such immanence encourages the human sense of individual participation in the divine life without the necessity of mediation by any institution.
In addition, some theorists have seen an unseemliness about a point of view that allows the divine to be easily confronted and appropriated. Classical theism has, in consequence, held to the transcendence of God, his existence over and beyond the universe.
Recognizing, however, that if the separation between God and the world becomes too extreme, humanity risks the loss of communication with the divine, panentheism—unlike pantheism, which holds to the divine immanence—maintains that the divine can be both transcendent and immanent at the same time.
Monismdualismor pluralism Philosophies are monistic if they show a strong sense of the unity of the world, dualistic if they stress its twoness, and pluralistic if they stress its manyness.
One form of pantheism, present in the early stages of Greek philosophyheld that the divine is one of the elements in the world whose function is to animate the other elements that constitute the world. Time or eternity Most, but not all, forms of pantheism understand the eternal God to be in intimate juxtaposition with the world, thus minimizing time or making it illusory.
Panentheism, on the other hand, espouses a temporal—eternal God who stands in juxtaposition with a temporal world; thus, in panentheism, the temporality of the world is not cancelled out, and time retains its reality. The world as sentient or insentient Every philosophy must take a stand somewhere on a spectrum running from a concept of things as unfeeling matter to one of things as psychic or sentient.
Materialism holds to the former extreme, and Panpsychism to the latter. Panpsychism offers a vision of reality in which to exist is to be in some measure sentient and to sustain social relations with other entities.
Dualism, holding that reality consists of two fundamentally different kinds of entity, stands again between two extremes. A few of the simpler forms of pantheism support materialism.
Panentheism and most forms of pantheism, on the other hand, tend toward Panpsychism. But there are differences of degree, and though classical theism tends toward dualism, even there the insentient often has a tinge of panpsychism.
God as absolute or relative God is absolute insofar as he is eternal, cause, activity, creator; he is relative insofar as he is temporal, effect, passive having potentiality in his natureand affected by the world. For pantheism and classical theism, God is absolute; and for many forms of pantheism, the world, since it is identical with God, is likewise absolute.
For classical theism, since it envisages a separation between God and the world, God is absolute and the world relative.
For panentheism, however, God is absolute and relative, cause and effectactual and potential, active and passive.^And all the voices, all the goals, all the yearnings, all the sorrows, all the pleasures, all the good and evil, all of them together was the world.
Monism attributes oneness or singleness (Greek: μόνος) to a concept e.g., existence. Various kinds of monism can be distinguished: Various kinds of monism can be distinguished: Priority monism states that all existing things go back to a source that is distinct from them e.g., in Neoplatonism everything is derived from The One.
. B. Pantheistic monism (nondualism) as a worldview 1. Atman is Brahman; that is, the soul of reach human being is the Soul of the universal Soul [Sire says “cosmos” instead of “universal Soul’]. Start studying Eastern Pantheistic Monism.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Eastern pantheistic monism is distinguished by its monism, and monism is the key phrase there.
Pantheism, of course, is the idea that God is in everything: but monism is the idea that the one reality of this universe is impersonal. I. Eastern Pantheistic Monism In the history of Western World Views, we finally come to a dead end: Naturalism leads to nihilism; Nihilism is unacceptable and is hard to.