Factors influencing fertility and mortality in developing and developed countries

Yet they remain, on average, higher than in the rest of the developing world and considerably higher than in more-developed countries. This is one of the main reasons that the global Muslim population is projected to rise both in absolute numbers and in relative terms, as a share of all the people in the world. Categories of Countries For comparison purposes, this report provides demographic data on three types of countries:

Factors influencing fertility and mortality in developing and developed countries

A natural increase occurs when the birth rate exceeds the death rate. For instance, the crude birth rate in Iran in was The fertility rate i. The age at which women marry ii. The number of women pursuing higher education iii.

Main Factors Driving Population Growth

The labour force participation rate of women iv. The availability of family planning services vi. Availability of government support for families vii. The cost of bringing up children viii.

Provision of benefits for the sick and elderly by the government. The birth rate is likely to be high when there is a young, average- aged population in which women marry young, infant mortality rate is high, girl education is poor, women are non-working and it is cheap to bring up children.

Factors influencing fertility and mortality in developing and developed countries

Other factors leading to a high birth rate are — lack or disapproval of family planning, government cash incentives to have children but a lack of government help to care for the sick and elderly.

In contrast, in a country where it is expensive to have children because there is a legal requirement to send children to school for a number of years and an expectation that some of them will go for higher education and well paid jobs are open to women — the birth rate is likely to be low.

If the government does provide state pensions and sickness and disability benefits, families may not feel that they have to have a large family in order to support them. The death rate is influenced by nutrition, housing conditions, medical care, lifestyles, working conditions, involvement or non-involvement in military action.

Factors influencing fertility and mortality in developing and developed countries

A country in which people have healthy diets, enjoy good housing facilities and access to high quality medical care, do not smoke or consume excess alcohol, are not sexually promiscuous, exercise regularly, enjoy good working conditions and the country is at peace with other countries, is likely to have a relatively low death rate.

Net immigration occurs when more people come into the country to live immigrants than people who leave it to live elsewhere emigrants. The rate and pattern of migration is influenced by relative living standards at home and abroad, persecution of particular groups and extent of control on the movement of people.

If living standards abroad are better or perceived as betterthere is persecution at home and no restriction to immigration by other countries, some people are likely to emigrate.

Mortality: Factors Affecting and Causes of Decline

Most migrants tend to be single people, of working age.Factors affecting fertility rate and fertility decline High infant mortality rates in less economically developed countries have an influence on the fertility rate. 1. Compare the replacement-level fertility rate for developed countries and Developing countries?

Developed countries Developing higher than developed. List at least 5 factors that affect birth rates and fertility rates. List three factors that keep the U.S. infant mortality higher than it could be. Other factors responsible for low mortality rates in developed countries have been cleanliness of person and home, hygienic surroundings, pollution control, social security measures, balanced food, health consciousness, etc.

There are social, economical and political factors that influence fertility and mortality and cause it to change. Fertility is the number of births and the crude birth rate (CBR) is . This article examines the evidence, shows why developing countries are currently in an unusual situation, and presents anthropoligical evidence on how cultural, social, and behavioral factors .

Factors Affecting Population Growth in Developing Countries!

Declining birth rate in Developed Countries: A radical policy re-think is required

The size of a country’s population can grow as a result of a natural increase or net emigration. A natural increase occurs when the birth rate exceeds the death rate.

For instance, the crude birth rate in Iran in was per.

Main Factors Driving Population Growth | Pew Research Center