The birth of French opera: French audiences gave them a lukewarm reception.
See Article History Opera, a staged drama set to music in its entirety, made up of vocal pieces with instrumental accompaniment and usually with orchestral overtures and interludes.
This article focuses on opera in the Western tradition. For an overview of opera and operalike traditions in Asia particularly in Chinasee the appropriate sections of Chinese musicJapanese musicSouth Asian artsand Southeast Asian arts ; see also short entries on specific forms of Chinese opera, such as chuanqijingxikunquand nanxi.
Aside from solo, ensemble, and choral singers onstage and a group of instrumentalists playing offstage, the performers of opera since its inception have often included dancers. A complex, often costly variety of musico-dramatic entertainment, opera has attracted both supporters and detractors throughout its history and has sometimes been the target of intense criticism.
Its detractors have viewed it as an artificial and irrational art form that defies dramatic verisimilitude. Supporters have seen it as more than the sum of its parts, with the music supporting and intensifying the lyrics and action to create a genre of greater emotional impact than either music or drama could achieve on its own.
In his autobiography, stage and film director Franco Zeffirelli warned against taking opera too literally: The preparation of an opera performance involves the work of many individuals whose total contributions sometimes spread across a century or more.
The first, often unintentional, recruit is likely the writer of the original story. Then comes the librettist, who puts the story or play into a form—usually involving poetic verse—that is suitable for musical setting and singing.
The composer then sets that libretto to music. A producer or director has to specify the work of designers, scene painters, costumers, and lighting experts. The producer, conductorand musical staff must work for long periods with the chorus, dancers, orchestra, and extras as well as the principal singers to prepare the performance—work that may last anywhere from a few days to many months.
One of the most variable facets of opera during its long history has been the balance struck between music and poetry or text. The collaborators of the first operas in the early 17th century believed they were creating a new genre in which music and poetry, in order to serve the drama, were fused into an inseparable whole, a language that was in a class of its own—midway between speaking and singing.
As a result, opera has endured in Western culture for more than years. Moreover, since the late 20th century, new ways of delivering opera to the public—on video and DVD, in cinematographyor via high-definition simulcast in movie theatres—have increasingly made the genre more accessible to a larger audience, and such novelties will inevitably change public attitudes and appreciation of the art form.Italian and French Opera Opera, a drama consisting primarily by singing, was slow to develop in its beginnings, but once it had established itself in Italy, opera slowly gained interest in France.
The 18th Century: Opera Seria vs Opera Buffa Towards the end of the 17th century a new genre, opera seria (serious opera), became dominant in Europe. This was in response to the popularity of the Neapolitan invention, opera buffa (comic opera), that had spread throughout Italy during the mid s.
Opera seria (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɔːpera ˈsɛːrja]; plural: opere serie; usually called dramma per musica or melodramma serio) is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and "serious" style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the .
French opera in general, with its big choruses, grand ballets, talky plots and emphasis on refinement and artifice rather than virtuosity and immediacy was very different from the Italian style.
Jun 17, · Italian opera tends to follow the Bel Canto and Opera seria tradition. French operas were based on court drama and ballets and featured dance and choral music German opera sometimes used spoken Status: Resolved. The difference between the French Opera and Italian opera reflects their respective cultures and their history as well.
Italy was the birthplace of opera.
The 18th Century: Opera Seria vs Opera Buffa Towards the end of the 17th century a new genre, opera seria (serious opera), became dominant in Europe. This was in response to the popularity of the Neapolitan invention, opera buffa (comic opera), that had spread throughout Italy during the mid s. While some French opera is by French composers, like Carmen by Bizet, Manon by Massanet, and Faust by Gounod, many others were written by Italian and German composers to avoid the censors and traditions of their own countries. The English word opera is an abbreviation of the Italian phrase opera in musica (“work in music”). It denotes a theatrical work consisting of a dramatic text, or libretto (“booklet”), that has been set to music and staged with scenery, costumes, and movement.
Italian opera was opera in its purest form. This Italian tradition was the central tradition, which all other nations admired and imitated (Kimbell 1).