Full Answer While many research projects begin with a hypothesis and work to prove or disprove that original theory, an interpretivist approach lets the results evolve naturally from the research.
To understand both, it is best to start with understanding what research paradigm means.
What is Research Paradigm and How it is Represented? Therefore, this is a specific way of perceiving the world a worldview that shape how we seek answers to research questions.
As Guba argued, a research paradigm is mainly characterised by its ontological, epistemological and methodological dispositions. What is Ontology and What is Epistemology?
Understanding the two concepts makes it much easier to understand the nature of different research paradigms and their methodological applications. Remember, understanding is the key here, not remembering the definitions. As a PhD student 7 years ago Research philosophy interpretivism, I tried to understand by reading everything I could find but it only gave me a theoretical level understanding.
I still use this in qualitative research sessions to aid student understanding. Nevertheless, let us begin with definitions. Ontology is the nature of reality Hudson and Ozanne, and the epistemology is the relationship between the researcher and the reality or how this reality is captured or known Carson et al.
Following is my understanding and interpretation of the two terms.
Ontology is concerned with identifying the overall nature of existence of a particular phenomenon. When we seek answers reality to our research questions, we are referring to a particular type of knowledge that exist external to the researcher.
It is just the way things are. On the contrary, epistemology is about how we go about uncovering this knowledge that is external to researcher and learn about reality.
So it is concerned with questions such as how do we know what is true and how do we distinguish true from falls? Therefore, epistemology is internal to the researcher. It is how they see the world around them. For example, if you were asked whether it will rain tomorrow, there are two obvious responses to this question YES or NO.
Can they be any other responses here? What about the relationship between two constructs e. We know that there are at least a finite number of relationships. But what is your response if I say that I have asked my partner to stay home, take care of the kids, and manage household things.
Is it right or wrong? How many responses will we get from a classroom of students?
The response to this question unlike the previous is contextually bound and multiple. The nature of reality ontological disposition that the above two questions refer to is distinct from one another.
The first question refers to a reality that is dichotomous.Application of Research Philosophy in research.
So we can say that the qualitative research is based on interpretivism and quantitative research is based on positivism. Interpretivism, also known as interpretivist involves researchers to interpret elements of the study, thus interpretivism integrates human interest into a study.
Accordingly, “interpretive researchers assume that access to reality (given or socially constructed) is only through social. Chapter Three: Research Methodology Introduction The way in which research is conducted may be conceived of in terms of the research philosophy subscribed to, the research strategy employed and so the research instruments utilised (and perhaps developed) in the pursuit of a goal - .
An interpretivist approach is a way to conduct research that includes the researcher's subjective analysis as an important aspect. This type of research is based on empathy and understanding the perspective of research subjects.
While many research projects begin with a hypothesis and work to prove. Chapter Three: Research Methodology Introduction The way in which research is conducted may be conceived of in terms of the research philosophy subscribed to, the research strategy employed and so the research instruments utilised (and perhaps developed) in the pursuit of a goal - the Interpretivism.
Interpretivism (interpretivist) Research Philosophy Interpretivism, also known as interpretivist involves researchers to interpret elements of the study, thus interpretivism integrates human interest into a study.