Contact Us Jamestown and Plymouth: This was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. Thirteen years later, settlers aboard the Mayflower landed in Massachusetts at a place they named Plymouth. With these two colonies, English settlement in North America was born.
Mayflower Compact The Mayflower Compact If they looked behind them, there was the mighty ocean which they had passed…to separate them from all the civil parts of the world. Only 41 of them were Pilgrims--religious dissenters called Separatists, who had fled England for Holland.
Now they sought a new life in America where they could practice their religion in the manner they chose. The rest of the passengers, called "strangers" by the Pilgrims, included merchants, craftsmen, skilled workers and indentured servants, and several young orphans.
All were common people. About one-third of them were children. The Pilgrims had organized the voyage. William Brewster and the other Pilgrim leaders had secured the right to settle on land claimed by the Virginia Company near the mouth of the Hudson River.
To raise money for the voyage the Pilgrims signed a contract with a group of London stockholders.
In return the stockholders would share in the profits of the planned colony. The Pilgrims had rounded up the "strangers" to increase the chances of success for their enterprise. The 3,mile voyage across the Atlantic lasted more than two months.
When they finally sighted land on November 9,the captain of the Mayflower knew right away that they were at Cape Cod, far north of their destination. The captain headed the Mayflower southward, but dangerous sand bars and heavy seas forced them to turn back.
The Mayflower finally dropped anchor in a harbor at the tip of Cape Cod. Rather than chancing more days at sea, the Pilgrims decided to land. Almost immediately, an argument broke out. According to William Bradford who later wrote an account of the Pilgrims' experiences several "strangers" made "discontented and mutinous speeches.
The troublemakers threatened to do as they pleased "for none had power to command them," wrote William Bradford. Three thousand miles from home, a real crisis faced the colonists even before they stepped ashore.
The Mayflower Compact Imagine the situation: Only staunch determination would help the Pilgrims land and establish their colony. If they didn't work as a group, they could all die in the wilderness.
The Pilgrim leaders realized that they needed a temporary government authority. Back home, such authority came from the king. Isolated as they were in America, it could only come from the people themselves. Aboard the Mayflower, by necessity, the Pilgrims and "Strangers" made a written agreement or compact among themselves.
The Mayflower Compact was probably composed by William Brewster, who had a university education, and was signed by nearly all the adult male colonists, including two of the indentured servants. The format of the Mayflower Compact is very similar to the written agreements used by the Pilgrims to establish their Separatist churches in England and Holland.
Under these agreements the male adult members of each church decided how to worship God. They also elected their own ministers and other church officers.
This pattern of church self-government served as a model for political self-government in the Mayflower Compact. The colonists had no intention of declaring their independence from England when they signed the Mayflower Compact.
In the opening line of the Compact, both Pilgrims and "Strangers" refer to themselves as "loyal subjects" of King James. The rest of the Mayflower Compact is very short.
It simply bound the signers into a "Civil Body Politic" for the purpose of passing "just and equal Laws. They called it Plymouth Plantation. When Governor Carver died in less than a year, William Bradford, age 31, replaced him.
Each year thereafter the "Civil Body Politic," consisting of all adult males except indentured servants, assembled to elect the governor and a small number of assistants. Bradford was re-elected 30 times between and In the early years Governor Bradford pretty much decided how the colony should be run.
Few objected to his one-man rule.An essay or paper on The Comparison of General History of Virginia & Of Plymouth Plantation. In the world today there are many things that are alike and that are different. These things have comparisons and contrasts. There are also comparisons and contrasts in old literature.
There are many things alike and many things that are different about General History of Virginia and of Plymouth P. “General History of Virginia” vs.
“of Plymouth Plantation” Essay Sample.
In Captain John Smith’s “General History of Virginia” and Governor William Bradford’s “Of Plymouth Plantation” there are many similarities and differences between the Indian relations, .
This site has description of Colonial Life in the American Colonies with Maps and Pictures. Start studying "The General History of VA" vs. "Of Plymouth Plantation". Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Green Spring Plantation ; History of Bacon's Castle ; Stories. The First Legislative Assembly ; Jamestown and Plymouth: Compare and Contrast.
Traveling aboard the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, men landed in Virginia in at a place they named Jamestown. RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES. The settlers at Jamestown were members of. Sometimes there was cooperation between the Explorers and the Native Americans: 1) Technologies--they shared knowledge about transporting weapons and farm tools 2) They traded with one another 3) Native Americans taught the Explorers a great deal about crops.
But at other times, there was conflict.