The State of World Population report, launched in the Arab World by the United Nations Population Fund UNFPA at the Arab League, said these two factors will determine whether the future will be healthy, sustainable and prosperous or one marked by inequalities, environmental decline and economic setbacks.
Create small family "role models"  Changes to immigration policies The method s chosen can be strongly influenced by the religious and cultural beliefs of community members. The failure of other methods of population planning can lead to the use of abortion or infanticide as solutions.
At about BC, the Indian political philosopher Chanakya c. Though a given region can house too many or too few people, he considered the latter possibility to be the greater evil.
Chanakya favored the remarriage of widows which at the time was forbidden in Indiaopposed taxes encouraging emigration, and believed in restricting asceticism to the aged.
In order to maintain a desired population size, the philosophers advised that procreationand if necessary, immigration, should be encouraged if the population size was too small. Emigration to colonies would be encouraged should the population become too large.
A series of laws were instituted to encourage early marriage and frequent childbirth. Lex Julia 18 BC and the Lex Papia Poppaea AD 9 are two well known examples of such laws, which among others, provided tax breaks and preferential treatment when applying for public office for those that complied with the laws.
Severe limitations were imposed on those who did not. For example, the surviving spouse of a childless couple could only inherit one-tenth of the deceased fortune, while the rest was taken by the state.
These laws encountered resistance from the population which led to the disregard of their provisions and to their eventual abolition. ADwas one of the first to describe famine and war as factors that can prevent overpopulation.
The scourges of pestilence, famine, wars and earthquakes have come to be regarded as a blessing to overcrowded nations, since they serve to prune away the luxuriant growth of the human race. Khaldoun concluded that high population density rather than high absolute population numbers were desirable to achieve more efficient division of labour and cheap administration.
Attitudes were generally pro- natalist in line with the Biblical command, "Be ye fruitful and multiply. He is also going to feed them. If this limit was approached, late marriage, emigration, and war would serve to restore the balance.
Malthus argued that, "Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases only in an arithmetical ratio. World population growth rate — There is a constant effort towards an increase in population which tends to subject the lower classes of society to distress and to prevent any great permanent amelioration of their condition….
The way in which these effects are produced seems to be this. We will suppose the means of subsistence in any country just equal to the easy support of its inhabitants.
The constant effort towards population The food, therefore which before supplied seven millions must now be divided among seven millions and half or eight millions. The poor consequently must live much worse, and many of them be reduced to severe distress.
Ehrlicha US biologist and environmentalist, published The Population Bomb inadvocating stringent population planning policies. A cancer is an uncontrolled multiplication of cells; the population explosion is an uncontrolled multiplication of people.
Treating only the symptoms of cancer may make the victim more comfortable at first, but eventually he dies - often horribly. A similar fate awaits a world with a population explosion if only the symptoms are treated. We must shift our efforts from treatment of the symptoms to the cutting out of the cancer.
The operation will demand many apparent brutal and heartless decisions. The pain may be intense.
But the disease is so far advanced that only with radical surgery does the patient have a chance to survive. Doses of the antidote would be carefully rationed by the government to produce the desired family size". Ehrlich continued to advocate for population planning and co-authored the book The Population Explosion, released in with his wife Anne Ehrlich.
However, it is controversial as to whether human population stabilization will avert environmental risks. The second billion was added in the s, and the next billion in the s. Large increases occurred in ChinaMexico and Nigeriaand demographers warned of a "population explosion," particularly in developing countries from the mids onwards.
Costs for other developed countries are usually of similar order of magnitude. Some economists, such as Thomas Sowell  and Walter E. Williams have argued that poverty and famine are caused by bad government and bad economic policies, not by overpopulation.
In his book The Ultimate Resourceeconomist Julian Simon argued that higher population density leads to more specialization and technological innovationwhich in turn leads to a higher standard of living. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met.Due to tourism coming to a halt and other factors during the revolution and Arab Spring movement, the budget deficit has grown and unemployment has risen since According to World Bank, "Unemployment remains at % from % in , but still well above the pre-revolution level of 13%."Death(s): hundreds of thousands killed (International estimate; see table below).
of the older population in Lebanon and the Arab world. Its mission is to create a forum for research, education, policy formulation and training on ageing in the region.
The Ottoman Empire had ruled much of the Arab world since Sultan Yavuz Selim conquered the Mamluk Empire in the s. Syria, Iraq, and Egypt had been core provinces of the Ottoman State for centuries, but Ottoman control also extended to distant Arab regions in the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa.
The Arab world (Arabic: العالم العربي al-ʿālam al-ʿarabī; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي al-waṭan al-ʿarabī), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية al-ummah al-ʿarabīyyah), the Arabsphere or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
May 13, · From a theoretical perspective, the determinant of the rebellions in the Arab world would seem to be the price shock of food combined with the demographic foundation of a continuous expansion of the youth population (LaGraffe, ; Mirkin, ; Mulderig, ).
The hypothesis is that the youth bulge and rising food prices interactively. Apr 25, · This review will initially address the epidemiology of T2DM in the Arab world, followed by the etiology of the disease, complication and risk factors of T2DM, and finally will discuss some suggestions related to research on T2DM in the Arab world.