For years I have been attempting to persuade colleagues, university administrators, and students that something is going desperately wrong in modern universities. Readers may have a sense of the type of problem that concerns me from recent events at Yale, in which no less than 13 administrators felt compelled to compose a letter advising adult students on how to dress for Halloween. This was clearly an absurd thing to do, as was a segment of the student response to a lecturer who had the audacity to point out the absurdity in a reasoned and principled email.
This is taken from the extract in Rivkin and Ryan as it will be the one that most undergraduates are used to and will have to study. Again, this is my interpretation, and if I have anything wrong, please let me know.
The rest goes into more detail. There is a section further down in bold that is useful. Basically, Butler wants to problematize gender. Claims that this is a branch of philosophy that seeks to explain the boring way in which society or aspects of society create reality for us through language, gestures or any type of symbolism.
For Butler, gender is not a stable identity, nor is it the central power of decision of certain acts. Instead, gender is an identity tenuously linked to the times we live in.
Gender is also created through the body and whether it looks male or female. If all the above is true, Butler argues that gender transformation will be found in these weird acts we do that constitute our gender. So both men AND women should wear make-up and enjoy dress shopping and whatever else those crap magazines tell women to do.
Butler therefore sets out her thesis statement: It is performed because we feel society expects us to perform it, and want to avoid those taboos e. Butler then explores the dispute between sex and gender, and how different people e.
Beauvoir or Merleau-Ponty M-P who is a phenomenologicist have examined the how the debate arouse. Butler wants to examine the way gender is constructed through certain acts of the body, in order to see what possibilities there are for culture to transform the categories of gender.
The body is a historical situation, and is a way of dramatizing and reproducing this historical situation over and over again. This is due to the fact that these acts promote our survival.
Butler questions the way this gendering occurs — so how do we create someone into a him or a her? The reproduction of the categories therefore are enacted on a much larger political scale.
She claims that there are certain social contexts and conventions that make certain acts important. Gender is an act that has been rehearsed. The script exists before the actors do, and they come along and perform it. We always need actors, in order to perform them.
Basically, we can break free if we want to. The sight of a transvestite on stage can cause amusement, and entertainment for some. Yet, when that transvestite is on the bus, it causes people to get angry.
Here butler makes a claim to explain why people are ok with transvestites in the theatre but not on the street: Because of this, we can still maintain our understanding of gender. Thus, it becomes dangerous. Gender is performative then, meaning that it is only real to how many people perform it.
Genders cannot be true or false, real nor apparent. The final section is just a reiteration of all the previous points.The sensible world, or the world of appearances, is constructed by the human mind from a combination of sensory matter that we receive passively and a priori forms that are supplied by our cognitive faculties.
We can have a priori knowledge only about aspects of the sensible world that reflect the a priori forms supplied by our cognitive faculties. We are composed of genes and memes. We inherit genes from our parents, and by extension, our ancestors, human and prehuman.
Memes are mostly information from our cultural environment that are also inherited from our parents and ancestors. Some memes are introduced into the environment from other cultures or de novo by creative persons. Reality Television Essay; Reality Television Essay. Essay on We Are Big Brother's Reality Television Star (Paredes 26).
Reality television is a bad influence on our society today due to the popularity, decision making, and misconduct of the individuals shown. too much television. As a result, a number of horrific conditions occur, which.
Strong Essays words ( pages) Essay about Homeschooling in the United States: Types, Pros and Cons In the current liberal environment, there is a clear avoidance of religion in school. Many other beliefs become a part of us during our childhood and depend on the social, cultural and economic environment of the child, on the parents and teachers and some of these beliefs are created by us on our own.
Once our youthful, grad school illusions wore off in the trenches of a real academic job, it became clear to us that what we were doing did not .